. During 2015 under Women Empowerment Program three KATO Women Development Centers were strengthened and skill development trainings were provided to girls and women, while developing their linkages with Kato Centers through GPAF project. Furthermore skilled women were facilitated in acquiring loans for income generation. Women who received micro credit facility established their home based/small scale businesses and developed linkages with local vendors for marketing and sustainability of their products.
Sexual and Gender Based Violence:
Rahnuma-FPAP designed a three pronged strategy of creating an enabling environment to address SGBV, improving access to quality services and economic empowerment of women and girls. Implementation of the strategy in year one suggests that the pilot model has been successful in identifying invisible cases of SGBV as well as enhanced self-confidence and status of the survivors which has improved their access to services. Furthermore, engaging men and boys has proved to be an effective strategy to generate support to address SGBV in the communities.
We have implemented GBV projects specifically aiming at the reduction of incidence of domestic violence against women (burning) with financial support from European Commission in 2006 and 2007. The main purpose was the capacity building of doctors, police officers, judges, lawyers, local representatives, religious leaders and media for the effective enforcement of Cr.PC 174-A, a new law enacted to punish the culprits of violence against women (burning). In the first phase, the project was implemented in Islamabad Region but in the second phase same activities and methodology was replicated at other locations of Islamabad, Peshawar and AJK (Jhelum, Chakwal, Attock, Haripur and Kotli).
The Family Health Hospital in Islamabad has established a Burns Unit wherein doctors are now trained to perform reconstructive surgery themselves. The organization has also recently implemented Operation Smile Again Project, in collaboration within Medicine Du Monde, in five districts with the objective to provide reconstructive surgery for Acid and Stove burn victims. The hospital has also recently entered into collaboration with Smile Again Foundation that helps burn victims through plastic surgery and counselling.
Women Home Based Worker:
Rahnuma-FPAP has been working with Home Based Workers since 1999 and has provided micro-finance to almost 70,000 women Home Based Workers (HBWs) at 26 locations across the country with the support of PPAF, Price Foundation, West Wind Foundation and Khushali Bank. These women HBWs are from rural and marginalised communities.
To empower the socially excluded segment of the society, awareness raising sessions on legal Rights, Human Rights, National Labour laws and occupational safety and health slanders among women HBWs in the community organized. To fully empower this vulnerable and marginalized group of the society, a strong referral mechanism developed for legal aid and provided the capacity building and micro entrepreneurship trainings to HBWs and also provided the micro finance facility and Sexual & Reproductive Health services to the home based workers. In addition, meetings with Employees, contractors, Mills, Factories representatives, Shopkeepers organized to create market linkages of these poor and marginalized women HBWs with markets for better rewards. To expand/establish their own business and gave facilitation to HBWs for getting loan from stakeholders like Tameer Bank, Khushali Bank etc.
Since most of the HBWs are linked with mills and shopkeepers, lack of skill to access markets and resources made them vulnerable to exploitation. However, at the same time there is great scope to empower these HBWs through integrated support and sensitization of employers and contractors which are mainly high income mills and shop keepers who can afford to provide minimum wages and better working conditions to the associated HBWs. There also exists great potential in developing linkages of the HBWs with local and national markets, hence reducing the exploitation by the middle man. The main achievement of the project are as follows:
Increased awareness on legal rights, human rights, national labor laws and occupational safety and health standards among women HBWs and stakeholders.
Marginlized Women and Youth in Rural Areas:
Rahnuma-FPAP with the help of CARE International initiated a project to enhance socio-economic development in Sindh, focusing on youth and rural women. Gender equity programming and building the capacity of local partner organizations are central themes of CARE programming in Pakistan. Implementing partners engaged in this project are leading community development non-governmental organizations having extensive experience in the designing and implementation of community based economic empowerment programs including the technical training and entrepreneurship skills focused on women and youth. As Provincial Technical Education and Vocational Training Authority (TEVTA) possess great capacity in promoting and providing demand driven technical education and vocational training, CARE International in Pakistan along with its implementing partners would like to work in close coordination with Provincial TEVTAs in Sindh and Punjab in the efforts to enhance the quality and effectiveness of its workforce and develop dynamic training programs.
This project aimed at enhancing the economic status of rural women and youth in South Punjab and Sindh by improving the relevance and quality of TVET services, and enhancing the equitable access of women and youth to these services so that they can overcome capacity, information and technical gaps. In addition, the project also provided new income-generation opportunities through pilot-scale innovations and facilitated linkages between TVET beneficiaries and prospective employers and microfinance institutions (MFIs).
The project is aimed at redress the stereotyping that exists at the level of family and school by encouraging both boys and girls to go for “non-traditional” activities through skill development streams introduced at secondary school level. The transition from school to the labor market in Pakistan is not smooth; the youth unemployment rate is higher than the adult unemployment rate; many young people work in the informal sector as unpaid family workers, casual wage workers; and female youth are in worse shape than their male counterparts on various employment dimensions.
A technical and vocational training project initiated for youth and women, in Tando Allahyar, Mirpur Khas and Thatta districts of Sindh, with the coordination of Sindh Technical Education and Vocational Training Association (STEVTA). The program aimed at sustainable empowerment of women by providing government certified vocational trainings and linked them to the markets through internships and job placements with the local industries.